North Carolina Banking Institute


This article discusses the background of virtual currency—primarily Bitcoin’s development and legal and regulatory complications, including the Silk Road and Mt. Gox prosecutions that have arisen in connection with virtual currency in business activities. Next, the article discusses major legal, enforcement, and regulatory initiatives that address challenges related to virtual currencies, both in the United States and in countries with major financial services industries. The article then discusses international legal and regulatory developments, surveying select jurisdictions with significant impacts on the global financial services industry. Finally, the article briefly concludes with some closing thoughts.

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